What Was the Purpose of the Articles of Capitulation
ARTICLE III. This trade in general, as well as within the province as well as in higher countries and parties outside the seas, will continue to operate freely, and passports will be issued for this purpose. I hereby confirm that the above articles have been presented to me, to which I have given the following reply: THE City of Montreal, which has no ammunition, artillery, troops or provisions and which is not in its power to fulfill an article of the Treaty, cannot claim surrender. Article 2 He may withdraw and take with him everything that belongs to them, with the exception of the artillery that we reserve for ourselves. Although the articles were drafted without the participation of first nations, article 40 of the treaty recognized their sovereignty and autonomy and promised to defend their right to their land and religion and avoid being punished for fighting for the French.  ARTICLE I. THAT the citizens and residents of Montreal, as well as individuals and religious orders and communities, are preserved without exception in free possession and satisfaction of their rights, property and possessions, movable and immovable, of all kinds. ARTICLE V. That the citizens and inhabitants of the city and suburbs of Montreal be compelled under no circumstances to take up arms against the homeland or to contribute in any way to the war against them. Article VIII.
The Bonetta Sloop of War was to be equipped and sailed by her present captain and crew, and supplied to Lord Cornwallis in its entirety from the time the surrender was signed to receive a cargo of aid to deliver cargo to Sir Henry Clinton; and to send these soldiers, whom he deemed right, to New York to be allowed to sail without examination. When his broadcasts were ready, his lordship in turn organized the handing over of the ship to the Order of the Count of Grasse if he escaped the dangers of the sea. That it is not permissible to conduct public affairs. Any part of the crew that may be deficient upon their return and the passengers of the soldiers, who must be taken into account during their delivery. ARTICLE I. The garrisons of York and Gloucester, including officers and sailors from Her Majesty`s British ships, as well as other sailors, surrendered to the combined forces of America and France. The land troops remain prisoners of the United States, the Navy of the Army of the Sea of His Most Christian Majesty.Granted.Article II. Artillery, weapons, equipment, military chest and public supplies of each denomination shall be delivered without alteration to the heads of the departments designated to receive them. Granted.Article III. At twelve o`clock that day, the two redoubts on York`s left flank were to be delivered, one to an American infantry detachment, the other to a detachment of French grenadiers.
Bride. The Garrison of York will march to a place to be named in front of the posts, exactly two o`clock, with trained weapons, paintings and drums beating a British or German march. They must then land their weapons and return to their camps, where they will remain until they are sent to the places of their destination. Two works on the Gloucester side were handed over to a detachment of French and American troops responsible for owning them at one hour. The garrison will leave at three o`clock in the afternoon; cavalry with drawn swords, trumpets and infantry in the manner prescribed for the Garrison of York. They should also return to their camps until they can finally be taken away. Article IV. Officers must keep their handguns. Officers and soldiers to keep their private property of any kind; and no part of their baggage or papers that is searched or checked in at any time.
The luggage and papers of officers and soldiers taken during the siege will also be kept for them. Bride. It is understood that any property which clearly belongs to the inhabitants of these States, belonging to the garrison, may be recovered. Article V. Soldiers should be kept in Virginia, Maryland, or Pennsylvania, as much as possible by regiments, and receive the same rations of provisions as soldiers in the service of America are allowed. One field officer from each nation, i.e. British, Anspach and Hessians, and other officers on probation, in the proportion of one to fifty men, in order to be allowed to live near their respective regiments, to visit them frequently and to attend their treatment; and that their officials may receive and deliver clothing and other basic necessities, for which passports must be issued upon request. Bride. Article VI General, personnel and other officers who are not employed as mentioned in the above articles and who elect him may, at their discretion, go on probation to Europe, New York or other United States naval posts currently belonging to the British Armed Forces; and the appropriate ships to be granted by the Count of Grasse to bring them to New York under the armistice flag within ten days of that date, if possible, and to reside in a district to be agreed below until they are embarked. Officers of the Civil Division of the Army and Navy are included in this article. Passports to be issued by land to those to whom ships cannot be made available.
Bride. Article VII Officers are authorized to keep soldiers as servants, in accordance with the usual practice of service. Servants, not soldiers, should not be considered prisoners and are allowed to attend their masters. Bride. Article VIII. The Bonetta Sloop of War was to be equipped and sailed by her present captain and crew, and supplied to Lord Cornwallis in its entirety from the time the surrender was signed to receive a cargo of aid to deliver cargo to Sir Henry Clinton; and to send these soldiers, whom he deemed right, to New York to be allowed to sail without examination. When his broadcasts were ready, his lordship in turn organized the handing over of the ship to the Order of the Count of Grasse if he escaped the dangers of the sea. That it is not permissible to conduct public affairs. Any part of the crew that may be deficient upon their return and the passengers of the soldiers, who must be taken into account during their delivery. Article IX Concessionaires shall retain their property and have three months to dispose of or dispose of it or remove it; and these merchants should not be regarded as prisoners of war. Merchants will be allowed to dispose of their belongings, the Allied army having the right of first refusal. Merchants are to be considered prisoners of war on probation.
Article X. Natives or residents of different parts of this country, currently in York or Gloucester, cannot be punished for joining the British army. This article cannot be accepted because it is a civil remedy as a whole. Article XI Adequate hospitals for the sick and wounded. They must be treated by their own probation surgeons; and they must be equipped with medicines and supplies from American hospitals. The hospital`s stores, now located in York and Gloucester, were to be delivered to the sick and wounded British. Passports are granted for the purchase of additional supplies in New York, depending on what the opportunity requires; and adequate hospitals will be set up to accommodate the sick and wounded of both garrisons. Article XII Wagons which must be provided to carry the luggage of officers who visit soldiers and surgeons when they travel because of the sick and visit hospitals at the expense of the State.