Which President Negotiated the Gentlemen`s Agreement with Japan
The victory of the Japanese in the Russo-Japanese increased the number of Japanese who came to the United States. Moreover, Japan`s victory in the war had created fear of a booming Japan. This fear seemed to be strongest in San Francisco, home to a large number of Japanese immigrants. With the San Francisco fire destroying a large number of schools in San Francisco, the local school board decided it was the perfect opportunity to create separate Japanese schools, which it did. McKinley`s supporters were nervous about the new president, and Hanna was particularly bitter that the man he had fought so vigorously at the convention had succeeded McKinley. Roosevelt assured party leaders that he intended to stick to McKinley`s policies, and he retained McKinley`s cabinet. Nevertheless, Roosevelt tried to position himself as the undisputed leader of the party in order to strengthen the role of the president and position himself for the 1904 election.  The Vice-Presidency remained vacant because there was no constitutional provision to fill a vacancy in a term in that position (prior to the 25th Amendment to the Constitution of 1967). Roosevelt began to see himself as the savior of the Republican Party after defeat in the next presidential election.
In February 1912, Roosevelt announced in Boston: “I will accept the presidential nomination if it is offered to me. I hope that the people will have as much opportunity as possible to express through direct primaries who will be the candidate.   Elihu Root and Henry Cabot Lodge believed that the party`s split would lead to its defeat in the next election, while Taft believed it would be defeated in either the Republican primary or the general election.  The basic agreement stipulated that the Japanese government would not issue passports that we would like to issue for visits to the United States in laboratories, skilled and unskilled workers, except those who had previously lived in the United States or had direct relatives in the United States. After Roosevelt returned to New York in 1886, Republican leaders quickly turned to him to run for mayor of New York City in the city`s municipal elections. Roosevelt accepted the nomination even though he had little hope of winning the race against United Labor Party candidate Henry George and Democratic candidate Abram Hewitt.  Roosevelt campaigned for the position, but Hewitt won with 41% (90,552 votes), winning the votes of many Republicans who feared George`s radical policies.   George got 31% (68,110 votes), and Roosevelt came third with 27% (60,435 votes).
 Fearing that his political career would never recover, Roosevelt turned to writing The Winning of the West, a historical work that traces the Western movement of Americans; The book was a great success for Roosevelt, received positive reviews, and sold many copies.  As an experienced hunter and anatomist, Roosevelt came to the correct conclusion that the bullet did not reach his lungs because he was not coughing blood. He declined offers to go to the hospital immediately and instead gave a 90-minute speech in which blood seeped into his shirt.  [unreliable source?] His opening speech to the assembled crowd was: “Ladies and gentlemen, I don`t know if you fully understand that I`ve just been shot, but it takes more than that to kill a bull moose.  [unreliable source?] It was only after the end of his speech that he accepted medical help. A 6-year-old Roosevelt attended Abraham Lincoln`s funeral procession from his grandfather`s mansion in Union Square in New York City, where he was photographed in the window with his brother Elliott, as confirmed by his wife Edith, who was also present. In the 1908 election, Taft easily defeated the Democratic candidate, William Jennings Bryan. Taft promoted progressivism that emphasized the rule of law; He preferred that judges, not administrators or politicians, make the fundamental decisions about fairness. Taft generally proved to be a less skilled politician than Roosevelt, and lacked energy and personal magnetism, as well as advertising material, devoted supporters, and a broad base of public support that made Roosevelt so impressive. When Roosevelt realized that lowering tariffs would cause serious tensions within the Republican Party by pitting producers (manufacturers and farmers) against traders and consumers, he stopped talking about the issue. Taft ignored the risks and courageously tackled tariffs, encouraging reformers to fight for lower interest rates, and then making deals with conservative leaders that kept global interest rates high. The resulting Payne-Aldrich tariff of 1909, which came into effect at the beginning of President Taft`s term, was too high for most reformers, and Taft`s management of the tariff alienated all parties.
As the crisis deepened within the party, Roosevelt toured Africa and Europe to allow Taft to be his own man.  After the campaign, Roosevelt took office as vice president in March 1901. The position of vice president was a helpless sinecure and did not correspond to Roosevelt`s aggressive temperament.  Roosevelt`s six months as vice president were uneventful and boring for a man of action. He had no power; he presided over the Senate only four days before it adjourned.  On September 2, 1901, Roosevelt first published an aphorism that inspired his followers: “Speak softly and carry a big stick, and you will go far.”  In the future, the Alien Acts of 1798 were passed at a time when a war between the United States and France seemed likely. Together, they were developed not only to limit the political influence of immigrants, but also to discourage “bad” immigrants in the first place. Among other things, the laws made immigrants from “hostile” nations completely unauthorized for citizenship, changed the residency requirement for naturalization from five to fourteen years, and allowed the president to detain or deport aliens deemed “dangerous to the peace and security of the United States.” After the 1884 presidential election, Roosevelt built a ranch called Elkhorn, located 35 miles (56 km) north of the booming city of Medora, North Dakota. Roosevelt learned to ride, rope and hunt on the banks of the Little Missouri In the Western style. He first stopped in Egypt, commented positively on British rule over the region, and expressed his opinion that Egypt was not yet ready for independence.  He refused to meet with the pope over a dispute over a group of Methodists active in Rome, but met with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary, Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany, King George V of Britain, and other European leaders. .